Benefits of Taro Tubes to Maintain Heart Health
Taro is consumed as a staple food and additional food. Taro contains high carbohydrates, protein, fat and vitamins.
Talas has a high economic value. In addition to bulbs, the leaf midrib is widely used as food, medicine and packaging. The remaining tuber and tuber skin can be used as animal feed and fish directly or after fermentation. This plant has a connection with the use of the environment and reforestation because it can grow on land that is rather runny to dry land.
Taro tubers are very useful as an additional food ingredient and as a food buffer for regions at the time of food scarcity, for example, which is caused by long droughts and so on. Taro in several countries is also used as a staple food such as in Malaysia, Fiji, Samoa, Hawaii, Colombia, Brazil, the Philippines. In Hawaii, taro is served as a staple food called poi, which is taro made and mixed with water and then fermented before being eaten. Whereas in Brazil taro is made into bread. In the food diversification program, taro is also one of the non-rice carbohydrate-producing plants from tubers other than cassava and sweet potatoes which have an important role in diversifying food.
Some types of taro found in the Bogor area are silk taro, bentul taro and sticky taro. Silk taro has leaves that are light green and have silky hairiness. Umbinya brown to medium size to large. Taro taro has larger bulbs that are younger in color yellowish and the stems are more purple than silk taro. Taro glutinous midrib reddish green color. In Bogor it is also known as the type of butter taro (taro gambir / hideung taro), because the stems and leaves are dark-colored in color.
Nutritional content of taro
Fresh taro bulbs contain 63 – 85% water with 13-29% carbohydrates. Starch is the main carbohydrate component in taro tubers. In addition, taro tubers also contain protein, a little fat and are rich in calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. If calculated from the total solids, the protein content of taro tubers is around 7%. This amount is higher than the protein content (calculated from the total solids) of tubers from cassava, sweet potatoes and sweet potatoes. Protein is more concentrated in the flesh of the tuber on the outside than in the middle. Therefore, the stripping process must be done carefully so that not much protein is wasted.
With high water content, like other fresh food ingredients, fresh taro tubers are easily damaged during storage. To simplify the use and extend its shelf life, taro tubers are processed into taro flour or extracted from the starch to obtain taro starch.
In the form of flour, taro has a better nutritional composition than rice. Taro flour contains higher protein and with lower fat content than rice. The content of taro fiber is also quite high. The presence of this fiber is very good for maintaining gastrointestinal health. Granules from small taro starch. From the aspect of digestibility, starch with a small granule size is more easily digested so that it can be used as an ingredient for breast milk substitutes (MP-ASI), for the elderly, and for people with problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Traditionally, people in the Pacific islands and Hawaii have used taro as an ingredient for baby food.
Taro has a lot of gum (gum). The presence of these gum, and the higher amylopectin levels of amylose, cause the taste and texture of taro to be sticky and fluffier.
Benefits of Taro for Health
Taro is a food that can provide various benefits for people who consume it. Some of the benefits of Talas include the following:
1. Control Blood Sugar
Taro tubers are foods that are rich in fiber. Dietary fiber has the potential to maintain blood sugar levels by controlling insulin production in the body.
2. Streamlining Digestion
The high dietary fiber found in taro tubers (one serving contains about 27% of daily dietary fiber needs) makes it very important to support our digestive health. Dietary fiber can help increase the amount of feces, thus helping food move through the digestive tract and facilitate better digestion.
3. Maintain Heart Health
Taro tubers contain high levels of potassium (potassium) and minerals needed by our bodies to stay healthy and function properly.
4. Maintain Healthy Senses of Vision
Taro tuber contains various antioxidants that are very beneficial for our health, such antioxidants such as beta-carotene and cryptoxanthin which can help improve vision by preventing free radicals from attacking eye cells which can cause macular degeneration or cataracts.
5. Prevent Cancer
Antioxidants such as beta-carotene and cryptoxanthin are contained in Tuberas Taro in protecting our body cells from damage caused by free radicals. These antioxidants can neutralize free radicals that are in our body.
6. Maintain Skin Health
Vitamins A and E found in taro tubers have great benefits for our skin. These vitamins increase the formation of healthy new skin cells and increase the life of degenerate skin cells.
7. Improve the Immune System
One of the most important benefits of taro tubers for health is its role in the immune system. Talas bulbs have high levels of vitamin C in each dish.